The era of Romanticism was originated in Europe at the end of the second half of the eighteenth century. It was an intellectual and artistic movement which gained popularity and power after Industrial Revolution. Romanticism was against aristocratic norms which were formed in the Age of Enlightenment. It was involved strongly in literature, visual arts and music.
But still it made a significant impact on natural history and education. Romanticism was successful in validating strong emotions as a source of an aesthetic experience. The movement elevated ancient customs and folk arts in to something gracious. Romanticism superceded Classicist ideal models and was able to revive elements of art which were believed to be purely medieval. This movement is related to the German Sturm und Brang movement that supported the view that emotion and intuition are superior to rationalism. French Revolution along with these ideologies laid the foundation of the Counter Enlightenment as well as the Romanticism. The restrictions which were imposed on the Industrial Revolution also had a great affect on Romanticism. That was the start of the disappearance of the modern realities. In the mid of the nineteenth century Realism got the opportunity to become polarized opponent of Romanticism. The first generation of the Romantic writers, musician and artist confronted the problems of explanatory collapse. The first generation of Romantics inherited a universe with an inherent contradiction. Romanticism seems to have an inability to live any longer with such a contradiction. This essay will discuss romanticism under the light of Morse Peckham’s book “The Triumph of Romanticism” and Meyer Adram’s book “Natural Supernaturalism: Tradition and Revolution”.