The pros and cons of organ donation initially try to determine what ethical base if any can justify this process. The issue is better answered in the communities that we live in, and which entails a concept of justice and moral obligation. Contrary to popular belief, live people can donate organs. A person does not have to be dead for him/her to be a donor. A person can safely donate one Kidney and live a healthy life with the remaining kidney. Part of a liver, lung or pancreas may also be donated by live people without any possible ill effects on their life or well being. Bone Marrow and blood can also be donated by a living person.
Research and write about the unethical aspect of donation, like the thriving black market for organs, especially kidneys that individuals in desperate need of money sell to wealthy people. Because this form of trade is illegal, individuals who donate their organs receive substandard medical care. The prime beneficiaries are the doctors who make tremendous amounts of money from these illegal transactions. The availability of cadaveric donors can ease the illegal trade in organs. The organ donation system depends on the unselfish concern by people for the welfare of others. However this altruism is not very common, so it is planned to launch incentive schemes for the procurement of organs.
The fear of dying while waiting for a donor induces people to deal with the black market, and they justify this by the ends served or the recipients living longer or leading a normal life. This black market discriminates because only people with money can afford these transplants. Legalizing this trade would probably lead to increased supply and lower prices, enabling the not so wealthy to afford transplants. There are thousands of patients in need of organ transplants, and it is estimated that in the United States an average of six people dies daily waiting to receive life-saving transplants. One donor can save the lives of as many as 25 transplant patients.
Steps must be taken to reduce the number of people who die because of the unavailability of donors. The determining factor in organ allocations should not be who is next on the list, but who has the direct and urgent need. The needs of critically ill patients should be given priority when determining organ recipients. To people with organ failure in any part of the world, organ transplants are gifts of love and life.