The poem ‘I, too sing America’ is an inspirational literary work that was considered to be written in response to Walt Whitman’s ‘I hear America singing’; which discusses the dichotomy between the elite and working class people, whereas Hughes has clearly suggested that dichotomy is not only defined by an individual’s income level but also his or her racial background.
The poem describes the pain and agony felt by black people when they are treated as second class citizens in their own country. The social hierarchy and white domination in the society causes them to face discrimination and be degraded for who they really are. The poem ends with hope that one day African American people will be respected and will be treated as equal. (Bader 2004, p. 202)