Congress was aware of their disappearing authority they finally decided to convey the new Constitution to all the states for further action. Congress itself made no recommendations. Two new groups emerged one was Pro-Federalists and the other was Anti-Federalists. (Berkin, 2003) During the hot discussions the new Constitution was explained and criticized clause by clause.
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and Jay wrote a number of documents which are called Federalist Papers. All these commentaries were in favor of the implementation of new Constitution in the country. The initial purpose of the Federalist Papers was ratification process in the state of New York, because at that time New York was the on top of Anti-Federalism states. But later the essays were aimed at all the states to ratify the Constitution. (Berkin, 2003) These Federal Papers were written during the times of ratification struggle. In some states like Virginia and Marry land the ratification took effect after a harsh and bitter struggle. The Federalists were more united in all the states therefore they had more support against their opposition. Whereas on the other hand the Anti-federalists were limited to their own respective states and they did not have access other states. The first state to ratify the Constitution was Delaware.