According to section two of the Fraud Act 2006, the person is found to guilty if he fulfils a number of conditions laid out including if the person dishonestly makes a false representation those include the intention of making the representation, making a gain for himself or another, or in order to cause loss to another or to expose another to a risk of loss.
In the case of the representation element, the case if proved too false when it fulfils the following criteria; it is untrue or misleading, and the person making it knows that it is, or might be, untrue or misleading.
The definition of “Representation” means any representation as to fact or law, including a representation as to the state of mind of the person making the representation, or
Any other person and lastly the representation may be express or implied. In the case of Alex, Clare and his grandmother Bella, all three counts of fraud were visible as according to the first section of the section number two of the Fraud Act 2006, Alex is dishonestly making a false representation of the actual scenario.